RSOE EDIS – Epidemic and Biology Hazard Warning Message

BH : Foodborne illness (marijuana infused food) / North-America / Canada [0:10]

Posted: 02 May 2014 04:40 AM PDT

EDIS Number: BH-20140502-43598-CAN
Date / time: 02/05/2014 11:38:18 [UTC]
Event: Biological Hazard
Name of Hazard: Foodborne illness (marijuana infused food)
Area: North-America
Country: Canada
State/County: Province of British Columbia
City: North Vancouver

Several high school students in North Vancouver (British Columbia) have become ill after eating pot-infused edibles resulting in one Grade 10 student being sent to hospital, according to police. North Vancouver RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) spokesperson Cpl. Richard De Jong said police will be working with the North Vancouver School District to educate students and parents to ensure school properties are drug free. "Making these edibles widely available and normalized can be very tempting to children," De Jong said. "The allure of these marijuana edibles, which taste and look like simple sweets, makes them especially risky." Photos released to media show 2 different marijuana-infused snacks including a Rice Krispy Square and brownies that were confiscated by police. Children who ingest marijuana can become ill, RCMP said, with how sick they get depending on the child's age, weight, the potency of the drug, and how much is eaten.

Not confirmed information!

BH : Unidentified Fatal Illness (human) / Asia / Pakistan [14:0]

Posted: 01 May 2014 09:47 PM PDT

EDIS Number: BH-20140502-43591-PAK
Date / time: 02/05/2014 04:41:45 [UTC]
Event: Biological Hazard
Name of Hazard: Unidentified Fatal Illness (human)
Area: Asia
Country: Pakistan
State/County: Federally Administered Tribal Areas

At least 14 women have died during the past one week and several others suffering with infection after a mysterious disease broke out in Warah Mamond area of Bajaur Agency. Local people told Dawn on Thursday that the disease had hit people in the mountainous areas of Dabar, Badan, Saro Sha and surrounding localities of Warrah Mamond, 16 km from Khar, the agency headquarters. "As many as 14 women have died within a week while many others are infected after the disease spread in the area," said Tahir Khan, a local tribesman, said. When contacted, Agency Surgeon Dr Zakir Hussain also confirmed the prevalence of the disease and casualties of several women because of it in the area. He said that the health condition of all the women who died from the disease was normal before being infected. They were between 40 and 50 years of age, he said. Talking to this correspondent on Thursday, he said that the mysterious disease broke out among women in different areas of Warrah Mamond a week ago. "Several women have died within a week and many others are seriously affected by an unknown disease," he said. The agency surgeon, who visited the affected areas, said that a large number of women had been infected by the disease. "The disease is serious and fatal and we have not seen indications of such a disease in the agency before," Dr Hussain said. He said that several health teams comprising senior doctors and paramedics had been sent to the affected areas to overcome the situation and identify the cause of the disease. Answering a question, he said that the health department was making efforts to find out main cause of the disease, adding that all patients died in a short time after contracting the disease. Bajaur Agency political Agent Abdul Jabar Shah told reporters on Thursday that the administration had asked the local health department to arrange medical camps in the area to ensure medical care to the affected patients. The residents have complained of lack of health facilities for the infected women in the area and expressed concern over the situation.

Not confirmed information!

BH : Rabies (dogs) / Pacific ocean – west / Philippines [0:0]

Posted: 01 May 2014 09:21 PM PDT

EDIS Number: BH-20140502-43585-PHL
Date / time: 02/05/2014 04:08:35 [UTC]
Event: Biological Hazard
Name of Hazard: Rabies (dogs)
Area: Pacific ocean – west
Country: Philippines
State/County: Negros Occidental

The Provincial Veterinary Office (PVO) of Negros Occidental has declared a rabies outbreak in two towns and three cities of Negros Occidental, including Bacolod. Dr. Renante Decena, provincial veterinarian, said the two other cities are Cadiz and San Carlos in the north while the two municipalities are Binalbagan and Pulupandan in southern Negros. Records of the PVO show there have been nine cases of death caused by bites of rabid dogs in Negros Occidental -- four in Bacolod, two in Binalbagan, and one each in Pulupundan, San Carlos and Cadiz. Decena had earlier said that a positive case of rabies can already be considered an outbreak. Rabies is a human infection that occurs after a transdermal bite or scratch by an infected animal, like dogs and cats. It can be transmitted when infectious material, usually saliva, comes into direct contact with a victim’s fresh skin lesions. The PVO chief said he will meet with all city and municipal veterinarians in the province to discuss the effective means of controlling the increase of rabies cases. He also appealed to dog owners to be "responsible pet owners." "If an individual wants to own a dog, he should regularly feed it, put it in a cage so that it will not get away and bite someone or be bitten by a rabid dog," Decena said. Dog owners should also be registered with the barangay to avail of free vaccinations, he added. Decena admitted that the provincial government does not have enough vaccines for the dog population in the province. Of the 219,000 dogs in Negros Occidental, only 24,000 have been vaccinated. "We aim to reach 80 percent of the total dog population for vaccination," Decena said. The Department of Health noted that although rabies is not among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the country, it is regarded as a significant public health problem because it is one of the most acutely fatal infections and is responsible for the death of 200-300 Filipinos annually.

Not confirmed information!

BH : Rabies (racoons) / North-America / USA [0:0]

Posted: 01 May 2014 11:29 AM PDT

EDIS Number: BH-20140501-43580-USA
Date / time: 01/05/2014 18:20:33 [UTC]
Event: Biological Hazard
Name of Hazard: Rabies (racoons)
Area: North-America
Country: USA
State/County: State of Deleware
City: Bloomville

A raccoon that was killed in a recent fight with a dog in the Delaware County hamlet of Bloomville was found to be infected with rabies, county health officials announced. The raccoon was sent to the New York State rabies laboratory for testing. County officials received a positive rabies test result on Friday, April 25. The dog was up to date on its rabies vaccinations, and received a booster shot after the attack. No humans were exposed to rabies in the incident. The Bloomville raccoon was the second case of rabies in Delaware County in 2014. In March, another rabid raccoon attacked a dog in the village of Stamford, and was captured and killed. The dog was unvaccinated. At the time, county health officials said they were working with the dog's owner to set up a quarantine. Once fully contracted, rabies is almost 100 percent fatal to all mammals, including humans. Only a tiny handful of people worldwide are known to have recovered from rabies, under a new and highly experimental medical treatment. During the incubation period of the rabies virus, before symptoms appear, a person who has been bitten by a rabid animal can receive rabies immune globulin and vaccination to prevent the onset of the disease. For humans who have been bitten by an animal suspected to have rabies, the vaccination protocol - which was once an invasive and very painful procedure involving many shots in the abdomen - is now a much less painful process, with a short series of intramuscular shots similar to flu or tetanus vaccinations. Anyone who has been bitten by an animal, or who has seen a wild animal acting sick or strange, should report it to the local county health department. If an unvaccinated pet comes into contact with an animal suspected of rabies, it will need to be quarantined.

Not confirmed information!

BH : Smallpox-like vírus (new) / Asia / Georgia [0:0]

Posted: 01 May 2014 11:19 AM PDT

EDIS Number: BH-20140501-43579-GEO
Date / time: 01/05/2014 18:16:26 [UTC]
Event: Biological Hazard
Name of Hazard: Smallpox-like vírus (new)
Area: Asia
Country: Georgia

Two herdsmen in the country of Georgia have been infected with a brand-new virus, scientists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday. The newly identified virus is a second cousin to smallpox. And, like smallpox, it causes painful blisters on the hands and arms?. Other symptoms include a fever, swollen lymph nodes and overall weakness, CDC scientists at a meeting in Atlanta. "We consider this family of viruses very important because smallpox could be used as a bioterrorism agent," says disease detective Neil Vora, who led the team that made the discovery. The virus doesn't yet have a name, Vora says, because so little is known about it. "We haven't found any evidence of human-to-human transmission, so far," Vora tells Shots. "But how many people are getting sick? Are animals getting sick? We don't know ... We don't know if it has caused any deaths." Both of the men who caught the virus fully recovered. But related viruses, such as , can be deadly for people with suppressed immune systems. And had a fatality rate of about 30 percent before the illness was eradicated in 1980. Since then, widespread vaccinations for smallpox have stopped. And this immunization gap seems to be opening the door for other viruses in the family - known as - to resurface, Vora says. "When you vaccinate a person with one of these viruses, it protects [against] other viruses in the family," Vora says. "Since smallpox vaccinations stopped, there's some indication that other ... orthopoxviruses have started to increase in their incidence because there's less immunity." Four other viruses in that family infect people: cowpox, monkeypox, vaccinia and smallpox. All but smallpox generally infect animals - cows, cats or monkeys - then jump to people opportunistically. Both of the infected Georgian men caught the new virus from dairy cattle. At first, local health workers thought one man had anthrax - anthrax infections of the skin are in rural parts of the country. But when tests came back negative, the public health department contacted the CDC for help. Vora and his team quickly figured out they were dealing with a poxvirus. But it turned out to be one that had never been seen before. "The discovery brings up the question of what other viruses might be circulating out there that are even more closely related to smallpox and cowpox," Vora says. Although smallpox was eliminated in the wild, stores of the virus still exist in a few American and Russian laboratories. And there's growing concern that it could be used for. Last year the U.S. government spent about $460 million on a relatively new smallpox medicine, in case the virus was deliberately released in a bioterrorism attack. That could treat about 2 million people.

Not confirmed information!

BH : MERS-COv / Middle-East / Saudi Arabia [102:371]

Posted: 02 May 2014 04:08 AM PDT

EDIS Number: BH-20140314-43027-SAU
Date / time: 14/03/2014 13:26:54 [UTC]
Event: Biological Hazard
Name of Hazard: MERS-COv
Area: Middle-East
Country: Saudi Arabia
State/County: Provinces of Riyadh, Tabuk and Makkah

Saudi Arabia says a man has died from a new respiratory virus related to SARS, bringing to 63 the number of deaths in the kingdom at the center of the outbreak. The health ministry said on Friday that the latest victim, a 19-year-old, died in the city of al-Kharj, southeast of Riyadh, according to a report from the Associated Press news agency. Two of his sisters are in hospital on suspicion they have been infected with the virus. The new virus is related to SARS, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, which killed some 800 people in a global outbreak in 2003. It belongs to a family of viruses that most often causes the common cold.

Event updates:
Situation Update No. 5 on 02.05.2014 at 11:07:45.
Situation Update No. 4 on 2014-04-29 at 03:16:07.
Situation Update No. 3 on 2014-04-26 at 13:51:06.
Situation Update No. 2 on 2014-04-11 at 03:27:05.
Situation Update No. 1 on 2014-04-10 at 03:02:12.