YELLOWSTONE Super Volcano about to erupt? The writing is on the wall, conversation with an employee at Yellowstone

Many experts within America will say that Yellowstone is no where near eruption. However news agencies around the world believe that it is close. One particular video shows that Bison are running away from Yellowstone which is a huge sign for anyone who is paying attention. Animals seem to know when danger is near it is in their instinct that we humans rarely use. Even though we where given instincts and reason. This being said the fact that Bison, Rabbits, and Squirrels are all running away from Yellowstone is a huge sign. Employees at Yellowstone say that they are migrating to their summer locations, however this is untrue, bisons are generally lazy animals and would not be sprinting away from Yellowstone. Do all animals get the clue that danger is near. The answer is no, not always. In this video below we are speaking with a Yellowstone employee about Yellowstone and what you will hear is quite shocking. Thanks for watching!

Basic information about Bison

BASIC FACTS ABOUT BISON

Millions of bison once thundered across North America. These massive animals, characterized by their long, shaggy brown coats, have poor eyesight but acute hearing and an excellent sense of smell.

Bison, © Midori Layzell

© Midori Layzell

Historically, the American bison played an essential role in shaping the ecology of the Great Plains. They graze heavily on native grasses and disturb the soil with their hooves, allowing many plant and animal species to flourish. Prairie dogs prefer areas grazed by bison where the grass is short so they can keep a lookout for hungry predators, and wolves once relied on bison herds as a major food source. Today, wild bison are making a small comeback in a few scattered places, but they need more room to roam.

Diet

Bison mainly eat grasses and sedges.

Population

Did You Know?

The trails carved by animals like bison and deer in their seasonal migrations formed some of the earliest traceable paths into the American wildnerness, and were followed by Native Americans, explorers and pioneers.

An estimated 20 to 30 million bison once dominated the North American landscape from the Appalachians to the Rockies, from the Gulf Coast to Alaska. Habitat loss and unregulated shooting reduced the population to just 1,091 by 1889. Today, approximately 500,000 bison live across North America. However, most of these are not pure wild bison, but have been cross-bred with cattle in the past, and are semi-domesticated after being raised as livestock for many generations on ranches. Fewer than 30,000 wild bison are in conservation herds and fewer than 5,000 are unfenced and disease-free.

Range & Habitat

Though bison once roamed across much of North America, today they are “ecologically extinct” as a wild species throughout most of their historic range, except for a few national parks and other small wildlife areas. Yellowstone National Park has the largest population of wild plains bison (about 4,000), and Wood Buffalo National Park has the largest population of wild wood bison (about 10,000). With help from Defenders, two small herds of pure, wild Yellowstone bison were recently reintroduced to Fort Peck and Fort Belknap Indian Reservations.

Behavior

Did You Know?

A bison’s thick fur offers great protection against the harsh elements of the American plains. Their winter coat is so thick and well insulated that snow can cover their backs without melting.

Known for roaming great distances, bison move continuously as they eat. The females, or cows, lead family groups. Bulls remain solitary or in small groups for most of the year, but rejoin the group during mating season.

Bison are adapted to the extreme weather conditions of the Great Plains, from summer heat to winter cold and blizzards. In winter, bison can dig through deep snow with their heads to reach the vegetation below.

Bison often rub, roll and wallow. Wallowing creates a saucer-like depression in the earth called a wallow. This was once a common feature of the plains; usually these wallows are dust bowls without any vegetation.

Reproduction

Bulls and cows do not mingle until breeding season. Dominant bulls “tend” to cows, following the cow around until the cow chooses to mate. During this period, the bull blocks the cow’s vision so that she may not see other competing bulls, and bellows at males striving for the cow’s attention.

Mating Season: June-September, peak activity in July-August
Gestation: 270-285 days.  Calf is born April-May.
Litter size: 1 calf

THREATS TO BISON

Millions of bison once thundered across the Great Plains. For centuries, Native Americans depended on bison as a source of food, clothing and shelter in order to survive on the open plains. But in the mid-1800s, ever-increasing hunting pressure began to take its toll. Unregulated shooting led to mass slaughters of bison in the 1870s, and by 1889, scarcely 1,000 bison remained. Today, wild bison are making a small comeback in a few scattered places, but they need more room to roam.

Intolerance

The greatest threat to bison is the refusal of some humans to accept them. Even though bison are no longer threatened with extinction as a species, they are still not allowed to be a wild animal and perform their important keystone role in their grassland environment, except in a very few small areas. This is why, for all intents and purposes, bison are “ecologically extinct.”

Almost all of their historic stomping grounds are off limits, due primarily to opposition from livestock interests.

Yellowstone National Park – the one place where wild bison were not completely wiped out or reduced to captivity – is home to the largest wild bison herd in the U.S. But even here, bison are not allowed to roam much beyond the park boundary, and are generally kept to fewer than about 3,500 in number. When the herd grows above this level, the “surplus” bison are often shipped to slaughter. The main excuse given for not allowing bison access to lands outside the park is that many Yellowstone bison have brucellosis, a disease first introduced by cattle that causes cows to abort their first calves. Though there have been no known cases of brucellosis transfer from bison to cattle in the wild, the remote chance of occurrence remains the reason for the ongoing intolerance for bison.

Habitat Loss

Wild bison make their home on the grasslands that once covered so much of the central and western U.S. Today, much of these vital habitats have been plowed and built over by humans. Nearly half of all temperate grasslands have been converted to agriculture and urban development. Despite the pace of this destruction and the variety of wildlife that depend on grassland ecosystems, less than 8 percent of all grasslands on Earth are protected.

However, millions of acres of habitat remain for wild bison restoration. If bison are ever to reclaim their place on the Great Plains, serious efforts need to be made to secure safe habitat for them, and to combat the intolerance toward this animal that was once a national icon.